Real property management

Land that has been retained in state ownership in the course of land reform is under the administration of the Ministry of the Environment. The area of such land totals approximately 1.6 million ha, i.e. 90% of all state-owned land. As of the beginning of 2021, the Land Board was responsible for the management of 182,000 ha of this land.

Besides land administration and management, the Land Board performs transactions with land on behalf of the Ministry of the Environment.

Pursuant to the agreement concluded between the Ministry of the Environment, the Land Board and the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications on 6 September 2016, the Land Board is also responsible for dealing with land issues related to the Rail Baltic project.

All the above tasks are executed by the Departments of State Land Management, of Land Procedures, of Spatial Planning and of Land Consolidation.

The Land Board:

  • analyses possible uses of state land reserve;
  • arranges the use and maintenance of state land;
  • sells lands that are not required for any public purposes at auction;
  • offers agricultural land for lease at auction;
  • if required, constitutes rights of superficies to state land;
  • transfers land to local governments, non-profit organisations, foundations and legal persons governed by public law;
  • cedes land to other ministries or agencies;
  • encumbers state-owned land with limited real rights (personal rights of use, easements);
  • offers lease agreements for extraction of mineral resources;
  • keeps accounts of lands under the administration of the Ministry of the Environment and its agencies;
  • is responsible for the registration of state land in the state property register and land register;
  • is responsible for the acquisition of land that is needed for the construction of Rail Baltic railway.

Last updated: 16.09.2021