Land consolidation with state land
The Land Board represents the state in land consolidation involving state-owned lands managed by it. The authorised body can be inspected in the State Real Property Register.
Land consolidation steps are performed on the basis of the Land Consolidation Act.
The main land consolidation steps with state-owned land are:
- division of an immovable
- joining of immovables
- establishment of the boundary of immovables
- exchanging parts of immovables and changing boundaries of immovables
Land consolidation steps with state land are mostly carried out in the public interest, i.e. based on the needs of the state or local governments. For example, land grants for the expansion of roads and streets are made from state-owned lands. The Land Board also organises the division of state-owned land in order to carry out the more efficient management of state-owned land. Therefore, the division of state-owned lands is organised, for example, for the purpose of selling or making immovables available for use. For example, the division of an immovable is performed if the immovable encumbered with the usufruct can be transferred to the usufructuary only in part, also in justified cases based on the purchase interest.
The Land Board also participates in the proceedings for exchanging parts of immovables and the changing of boundaries. Land consolidation proposals arising from private interest can be considered by the Land Board if this makes the use of both privately owned land and state-owned land more practical and the boundaries of immovables are brought in line with land consolidation requirements. If the value of state-owned land decreases during land consolidation, the state must be compensated for the decrease in value. In the case of land consolidation arising from private interest, the associated costs (incl. cadastral surveying, and the carrying out of notarial acts, if necessary) shall be borne by the owner of the immovable who applied for the land consolidation.
If you have any questions, please call 665-0673 (Maarja Virks).
Land consolidation in national interests
Land consolidation in national interests is carried out on the basis of the Land Consolidation Act.
Pursuant to the Acquisition of Immovables in Public Interest Act, the state may also offer land consolidation to the owner of an immovable as an alternative to the acquisition of land. Therefore, in certain cases, it is possible for the state to acquire the sections necessary for public interest from privately owned immovables through the process of land consolidation. For this purpose, simple land consolidation steps are mainly carried out, i.e. the exchanging of parts of immovables and the changing of the boundary, although reallocation is also possible.
Land consolidation in national interests is carried out by the Land Board. Upon carrying out land consolidation in national interests, the provisions of the Land Consolidation Act concerning local governments apply to the Land Board.
Through the process of land consolidation, the state replaces the land necessary for public interest with state-owned land, thus the state becomes the owner of the land necessary for public interest, for example, highways or Rail Baltica railway, but at the same time the integrity and efficient use of private land is ensured.
Land consolidation can be offered by the state if a privately owned immovable borders state-owned land and the part to be given in exchange for the state-owned land can be used for the same purpose as the private land. In the case of reallocation, the state-owned land must be located in the vicinity of the immovables being reallocated. A state land reserve managed by the Land Board is used in particular for land consolidation, with state-owned land managed by the State Forest Management Centre being used in justified cases.
Land consolidation is carried out on the basis of the usual values of the parts of immovables included in the land consolidation area, entries in the cadastre and land register are organised by the Land Board. As a rule, notarial acts are not required.
Information by telephone at 665-0673 (Maarja Virks) and 675-0850 (Ivika Sootla).
Last updated: 29.09.2021